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  #1  
05-31-2020, 10:16 PM
 
: May 2017
: 3,345
Post Tawassul: Islamic vs. bidah La recherche daccs auprs dAllah et ses formes lgale et innove



Tawassul: Islamic vs. bidah

La recherche daccs auprs dAllah et ses formes lgale et innove




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  #2  
06-01-2020, 01:21 AM
 
: May 2017
: 3,345
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Tawassul: Islamic vs. bidah


Question

aslamu aleyka
Ya sheikh, I have question regarding the tawasul, I was telling someone that seeking tawasul at graves and asking the person who died to make dua to Allah it's wrong, he told me what is wrong with if I asked pious person during his life to make Dua and when he died I asked him to make dua what wrong with it. So I want you to clarify to me how to answer the brother, what kind Tawasul is allowed and which one not allowed since a lot people have been misguided in this Area
?


Answer




Tawassul in Arabic means seeking to draw close. Allaah says in the Quraan (interpretation of the meaning): [they] desire means of access to their Lord [al-Isra 17:57], i.e., means of drawing close to Him. There are two types of Tawassul, correct Islamic tawassul and forbidden tawassul.
Correct Islamic tawassul:
This means seeking to draw close to Allaah through acts of worship which He loves and which please Him; these may be waajib (obligatory) or mustahabb (encouraged), and may take the form of words, actions or beliefs. Some types are as follows:
  1. Seeking to draw close to Allaah by means of His names and attributes. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allaah, so call on Him by them, and leave the company of those who belie or deny (or utter impious speech against) His names. They will be requited for what they used to do. [al-Araaf 7:180]. So when a person makes duaa to Allaah, he begins by calling on Allaah with the name that is most apt, such as al-Rahmaan (the Most Merciful) when seeking mercy and al-Ghafoor (the All-Forgiving) when asking for forgiveness, and so on.
  2. Seeking to draw close to Allaah by means of faith and Tawheed. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): Our Lord! We believe in what You have sent down, and we follow the Messenger, so write us down among those who bear witness (to the truth). [Aal Imraan 3:53]
  3. Seeking to draw close to Allaah through righteous deeds, whereby a person asks Allaah by virtue of the best deeds that he has done, such as salaah, fasting, reading Quraan, avoiding haraam things, and so on. An example of this is the saheeh hadeeth narrated in the Saheehayn about the three people who entered a cave, and a rock fell and blocked their way out. They asked Allaah by virtue of their best deeds (to save them). A person may also ask Allaah by virtue of his total dependency upon Him, as Allaah mentions in the Quraan (interpretation of the meaning): [Ayyoob said:] Verily, distress has seized me, and You are the Most Merciful of those who show mercy. [al-Anbiya 21:83]; or by admitting his own wrongdoing and his need for Allaah, as Yoonus is described as saying (interpretation of the meaning): None has the right to be worshipped except You (O Allaah). Glorified (and exalted) are You. Truly I have been of the wrong-doers. [al-Anbiya 21:87]
The rulings on Islamically correct tawassul vary according to its type. Some types are waajib, such as seeking to draw close to Allaah through His names and attributes and through Tawheed (believing in His absolute Oneness), and some are mustahabb, such as seeking to draw close to Him by virtue of all kinds of righteous deeds.
Tawassul that is bidah and therefore forbidden:
This is the attempt to draw close to Allaah by means of things that He does not like and that do not please Him, whether they be words, deeds or beliefs. One example of this is trying to draw close to Allaah by calling on the dead or people who are absent, asking them for help, and so on. This is a form of major shirk (shirk akbar), which goes against Tawheed and means that a person is no longer considered to be a Muslim. Calling upon Allaah, whether it is for a purpose such as asking Him to grant some benefit or to ward off some harm, or as an act of worship to express humility and submission before Him, can only be addressed directly to Allaah. If duaas or prayers are addressed to anything or anyone else, this is shirk. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): And your Lord said: Invoke Me (and ask Me for anything), I will respond to your invocation. Verily! Those who scorn My worship [i.e., do not invoke Me and do not believe in My Oneness], they will surely enter Hell in humiliation! [Ghaafir 40:60]. In this aayah, Allaah explains the punishment of those who arrogantly refuse to call on Allaah, whether they call on someone other than Allaah or they do not call on Him at all, out of pride and self-admiration, even if they do not call on anyone else.
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): Invoke your Lord with humility and in secret [al-Araaf 7:55]. Allaah commands His slaves to call on Him and not anyone else.
Allaah says of the people of Hell (interpretation of the meaning): [They say:] By Allaah, we were truly in a manifest error when we held you (false gods) as equals (in worship) with the Lord of the Worlds. [al-Shuara 26:96-97]
Anything that results in equating something other than Allaah with Allaah in worship or acts of obedience is shirk, the crime of associating partners with Him. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): And who is more astray than one who calls (invokes) besides Allaah, such as will not answer him until the Day of Resurrection, and who are (even) unaware of their calls (invocations) to them? And when mankind are gathered (one the Day of Resurrection), they (false deities) will become enemies for them and will deny their worshipping. [al-Ahqaaf 46:5-6]
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): And whoever invokes (or worships) besides Allaah, any other god, of whom he has no proof, then his reckoning is only with his Lord. Surely, al-kaafiroon (the disbelievers in Allaah and in the Oneness of Allaah) will not be successful. [al-Muminoon 23:117].
Allaah states that anyone who calls on anything other than him is taking that thing as a god, as He says (interpretation of the meaning): And those, whom you invoke or call upon instead of Him, own not even a qitmeer (the thin membrane over a date-stone). If you invoke (or call upon) them, they hear not your call, and if (in case) they were to hear, they could not grant it (your request) to you. And on the Day of Resurrection, they will disown your worshipping them. And none can inform you (O Muhammad), like Him Who is the All-Knower (of everything). [Faatir 35:13-14].
In this aayah, Allaah explains that He is the only One Who deserves to be called upon, because He, and no one else, is the Sovereign who is directing everything. Those things that are worshipped cannot hear duaas, let alone respond to the one who invokes them, and even if they were able to hear, they cannot respond, because they do not have the power to either benefit or harm.
The mushrik Arabs whom the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was sent to call were disbelievers because of this shirk. They would call upon Allaah sincerely at times of difficulty, but they became disbelievers at times of ease and plenty, when they would call on others besides Him. Allaah says (interpretation of the meanings):
And when they embark on a ship, they invoke Allaah, making their Faith pure for Him only, but when He brings them safely to land, behold, they give a share of their worship to others. [al-Ankaboot 29:65]
And when harm touches you upon the sea, those that you call upon besides Him vanish from you excpet Him (Allaah Alone). But when He brings you safely to land, you turn away (from Him) [al-Isra 17:67].
till when you are in the ships and they sail with them with a favourable wind, and they are glad therein, then comes a stormy wind and the waves come to them from all sides, and they think that they are encircled therein, they invoke Allaah, making their Faith pure for Him Alone [Yoonus 10:33]
The shirk of some people nowadays goes even further than the shirk of people in the past, because they direct some acts of worship to something other than Allaah, calling upon them and asking them for help even at times of distress; laa hawla wa laa quwwata illa Billaah (there is no strength and no help except in Allaah). We ask Allaah to keep us safe and sound.
To sum up our response to what your friend mentioned: asking the dead for anything is shirk, and asking the living for anything that no one except Allaah is able to do, is also shirk. And Allaah knows best.

Source: Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid




  #3  
06-01-2020, 01:23 AM
 
: May 2017
: 3,345
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La recherche daccs auprs dAllah et ses formes lgale et innove

Question

Je voudrais en connatre davantage sur la recherche daccs auprs dAllah (le Tawassul). Je sais que celui qui cherche accs auprs dAllah laide des tombes ou sadresse un mort, invoque un autre quAllah et commet un acte incorrect. Mais lun dentre eux dit : quelle erreur commettrai-je en demandant un homme pieux de prier pour moi ? Quelle erreur commettrai-je en adressant la mme demande un mort ? Comment rpondre ce frre ? Quelle est la forme autorise de la recherche daccs auprs dAllah ? Quelle est la forme non autorise ?
Texte de la rponse




Louange Allah
Linguitiquement, le tawassul signifie se rapprocher. Cest dans ce sens que le Trs Haut : ils cherchent accs auprs de leur Matre cest --dire quelque chose qui leur permette de se rapprocher de lui. Cette recherche revt deux formes : une lgale et une autre autorise.
Le Tawassul autorise consiste se rapprocher Allah le Trs Haut en faisant ce quIl aime et agre en fait de pratiques cultuelles obligatoires et recommandes, quil sagisse dactes, de paroles ou de croyances. Ceci comporte diffrents aspects:
Le premier consiste chercher accs auprs dAllah laide de Ses noms et attributs. À ce propos, le Trs Haut dit : C' est Allah qu' appartiennent les noms les plus beaux. Invoquez- Le par ces noms et laissez ceux qui profanent Ses noms: ils seront rtribus pour ce qu' ils ont fait. (Coran, 7 :180 ).
Dans ce cas, le fidle introduit son invocation dAllah le Trs Haut par lusage du nom le plus appropri sa demande. Cest ainsi quil utilise le nom le Clment quand il sollicite la clmence et le nom Le Pardonneur en cas de demande de pardonn, etc.
Le deuxime consiste chercher accs auprs dAllah le Trs Haut grce la croyance en lunicit divine.  ce propos, le Trs Haut dit : Seigneur! Nous avons cru ce que Tu as fait descendre et suivi le messager. Inscris- nous donc parmi ceux qui tmoignent". (Coran, 3 :53 ).
Le troisime consiste chercher accs auprs dAllah laide de ses bonnes oeuvres. Cest ainsi quon sollicite Allah par considration pour ses meilleures oeuvres celles qui suscitent les plus grands espoirs comme la prire, le jene, la lecture du Coran, labstinence qui consiste scarter de linterdit, etc. Cest ce quvoque le hadith rapport dans les Deux Sahih propos des personnes qui se rfugirent dans une grotte et que celle-ci se referma sur eux ; ils sollicitrent lassistance dAllah en voquant celles de leurs oeuvres qui leur inspiraient les plus grands espoirs. Il en est de mme du fait que le fidle cherche se rapprocher Allah en voquant son besoin dAllah linstar des propos du Trs Haut concernant son Prophte Job (Paix sur lui) : le mal ma touch et Toi tu es le plus clment des lments ou en avouant sa propre injustice et son besoin dAllah linstar des propos du Trs Haut concernant Son Prophte Jonas (psl) : Il ny a point de dieu en dehors de Toi. Combien Tu es Transcendant. Je suis parmi les injustes.
Cette forme lgale de recherche daccs auprs dAllah possde un statut qui varie selon laspect quelle pouse ; elle peut tre oligatoire quand il sagit dutiliser les noms et attributs (dAllah) et lunicit divine, ou recommande quand il sagit dvoquer lensemble de ses bonnes oeuvres.
Quant la forme interdite, elle consiste chercher se rapprocher dAllah le Trs Haut par ce quIl naime pas et nagre pas en fait dactes, de paroles comme linvocation des morts et des absents et limploration de leur secours, etc. Ceci est un polythisme majeur qui exclut son auteur de la religion et qui est contraire la foi en lunicit absolu dAllah.
Linvocation dAllah le Trs Haut, quil sagisse de Linvoquer pour se procurer un avantage ou carter un prjudice ou de Linvoquer dans le cadre du culte pour manifester son humilit en Sa prsence, ne doit pas tre adresse un autre quAllah. Car la dtourner au profit dun autre quAllah revient entacher son invocation de polythisme. À ce propos, le Trs Haut dit : Et votre Seigneur dit: "Appelez- Moi, Je vous rpondrai. Ceux qui, par orgueil, se refusent M' adorer entreront bientt dans l' Enfer, humilis". (Coran, 40 :60 ). Allah le Trs Haut explique dans ce verset la rtribution de celui qui sestime trop important pour invoquer Allah seul ; quIl linvoque avec un autre ou sabstienne totalement de Son invocation par orgueil et vanit, mme sil ninvoque pas un autre. À ce propos, le Trs Haut dit : Invoquez votre matre avec crainte et humilit. Il donne ainsi aux serviteurs lordre de Linvoquer lexclusion de tout autre. Allah dit propos des habitants de lenfer : "Par Allah! Nous tions certes dans un garement vident, Ce ne sont que les criminels qui nous ont gars. (Coran, 26 :97-98 ) : toute pratique qui revient traiter quelquun comme lgal dAllah dans ladoration et lobissance relve du polythisme. À ce propos, le Trs Haut dit : Et qui est plus gar que celui qui invoque en dehors d' Allah, et que la vie ne saura lui rpondre jusqu'au Jour de la Rsurrection? Et elles (leurs divinits) sont indiffrentes leur invocation. Et quand les gens seront rassembls (pour le Jugement) elles seront leurs ennemies et nieront leur adoration (pour elles). (Coran, 46 :5-6 ) et : Et quiconque invoque avec Allah une autre divinit, sans avoir la preuve vidente (de son existence), aura en rendre compte son Seigneur. En vrit, les mcrants, ne russiront pas. (Coarn, 23 :117 ). Allah juge ainsi que celui qui invoque un autre ct de Lui a adopt une divinit autre que Lui. Cest pourquoi le Transcendant dit : .. ceux que vous invoquez en dehors de Lui ne sont mme pas matres de la pellicule d' un noyau de datte. Si vous les invoquez, ils n' entendent pas votre invocation; et mme s' ils entendaient, ils ne sauraient vous rpondre. Et le jour du Jugement ils vont nier votre association. Nul ne peut te donner des nouvelles comme Celui qui est parfaitement inform. (Coran, 35 :13-14 ). Allah explique dans ce verset que cest Lui qui mrite tre invoqu parce quIl est le seul Propritaire grant et que tout autre objet de culte nentend pas linvocation et par consquent ne peut pas y rpondre. Et, mme sil entendait, il ne rpondrait pas parce quil ne pourrait ni procurer un bien ni carter un prjudice et ne pourrait rien faire dans ce sens.
Les polythistes arabes auxquels le Prophte (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) tait envoy pour les appeler lIslam ont t jugs infidles en raison de leur recours cette forme dinvocation entache de polythisme. En effet, ils invoquaient Allah dans le cadre dun culte sincre en cas de difficult, mais ils Le reniaient en temps daisance et de bien-tre en ceci quils invoquaient dautres divinits avec Lui. A ce propos, le Trs Haut dit : Quand ils montent en bateau, ils invoquent Allah Lui vouant exclusivement leur culte. Une fois qu' Il les a sauvs (des dangers de la mer en les ramenant) sur la terre ferme, voil qu' ils (Lui) donnent des associs. (Coran, 29:65) et : Et quand le mal vous touche en mer, ceux que vous invoquiez en dehors de Lui se perdent. Puis, quand Il vous sauve et vous ramne terre, vous vous dtournez. L' homme reste trs ingrat! (Coran, 17 : 67). Le Puissant et Majestueux dit encore : C' est Lui qui vous fait aller sur terre et sur mer, quand vous tes en bateau. (Ces bateaux) les emportrent, grce un bon vent. Ils s' en rjouirent jusqu'au moment o, assaillis par un vent imptueux, assaillis de tous cts par les vagues, se jugeant envelopps (par la mort), ils prirent Allah, Lui vouant le culte (et disant): "Certes, si Tu nous sauves de ceci, nous serons parmi les reconnaissants!" (Coran, 10 :67 ).
Le polythisme de nos contemporains dpasse celui de leurs prdescesseurs dans la mesure o ils dtournent des aspects du culte comme linvocation et limploration du secours en temps de difficult au profit dautres quAllah. Il ny a ni moyen ni force si ce nest dAllah. Nous demandons Allah le salut et la scurit.
La rponse votre compagnon se rsume ainsi : demander quelque chose un mort relve du polythisme : demander un tre vivant ce que seul Allah est capable de raliser relve encore du polythisme. Allah le sait mieux.

Source: Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid




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