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  #1  
02-04-2022, 01:30 AM
 
: May 2017
: 4,135
Can sujood al-sahw be made up for later ? Doit-on rattraper la prosternation de rparation ?


Can sujood al-sahw be made up for later?
Doit-on rattraper la prosternation de rparation ?




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  #2  
02-04-2022, 10:41 AM
 
: May 2017
: 4,135
Post

Can sujood al-sahw be made up for later?
Question
Salam,

If you have to do sajood-as-sahw, but you forget and do not do it, is the prayer valid? Is there a way to make up for it after the prayer has finished or must the whole prayer be repeated? What if you remember when you are praying sunnah - should you break your prayer?
Jazzakallah for your help. Wa salam .
Answer

Praise be to Allah.
Imaam al-Mirdaawi said in al-Insaaf (2/154): The author Ibn Qudaamah said that two conditions apply for sujood to be made up later:

It should be in the mosque

A long time should not have passed.

This is the right opinion, as he stated.

Imaam Ahmad said: He should do the sujood if the time that has passed is short, even if he has left the mosque.

He also said: He should do the sujood even if the time that has passed is long, or he has spoken or left the mosque. This is the opinion favoured by Shaykh al-Islam [Ibn Taymiyah]. Al-Ikhtiyaaraat al-Fiqhiyyah, p. 94.

In Al-Rawd al-Murabba Sharh Zaad al-Mustaqna (2/461) it says: (If he forgets), i.e., he forgets to do the sujood al-sahw which should be done before the salaam, (and he says salaam), then he remembers, (he should do the sujood) and it is obligatory (if the time that has passed is short) If he has said salaam and if a long time has passed according to what is ordinarily regarded as a long time, or he broke his wudoo, or he left the mosque he does not need to do the sujood, and his prayer is still valid.

In Al-Sharh al-Mumti by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen (3/537), it says: The phrase If he forgets and says salaam, he should still do the sujood if the time that has passed is short refers to the sujood that should be done before the salaam, when he has already said the salaam. He should do this sujood if the time that has passed is short, otherwise he no longer has to do it, and his prayer is still valid.

Examples:

A man may forget the first tashahhud, so he has to do sujood al-sahw before the salaam, but he forgets and says the salaam. If he remembers shortly afterwards, he should do the sujood, but if he remembers a long time afterwards, he no longer has to do it. This is why he said He should do sujood if only a short time has passed. If he has left the mosque, he should not come back to do this sujood he no longer has to do it, which is unlike when he has said salaam before completing the prayer. In the latter case, he should come back and complete it, because he has omitted an obligatory act.

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said: Indeed, he should do the sujood, even if a long time has passed, because this will make up for what was missing. So when he remembers it, he should make up for it.

But the most likely opinion is that suggested by the author (may Allaah have mercy on him), which is that if a long time has passed, the person no longer has to do the sujood, because sujood al-sahw is obligatory (waajib) either to make the prayer valid or it is waajib in the prayer as part of the prayer, so it is connected to the prayer and is not a separate prayer. We say that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Whoever sleeps and misses the prayer, as soon as he remembers, let him pray.
(Reported by al-Bukhaari (597) and Muslim (684) from the hadeeth of Anas). But we cannot use this evidence with regard to sujood al-sahw, because it is part of something else. If a person remembers soon afterwards, he should do it, otherwise he does not have to do it. And Allaah knows best.



Source: Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
  #3  
02-04-2022, 10:44 AM
 
: May 2017
: 4,135
Post

Doit-on rattraper la prosternation de rparation ?


Question
Si lon a effectuer la prosternation de rparation et quon oublie de la faire, la prire devient-elle nulle? Y a -t- il un moyen de rparer la prire aprs son achvement ? Faut-il la refaire entirement ? Si lon se souvenait de tout cela alors quon est entrain deffectuer une prire surrogatoire, faudrait-il interrompre celle-ci ?
Texte de la rponse

Louange Allah.

Dans Al-insaf, (2/154) limam al-Mourdawi (Puisse Allah lui accorder Sa misricorde) dit : Le compilateur - Ibn Qudama - soumet la prosternation de rparation deux conditions : la premire est quelle doit tre effectue dans la mosque, et la seconde est quelle ne doit pas tre spare de la prire par une longue pause. Cest lavis textuellement adopt par lcole (hanbalite). Limam Ahmad dit que lintress doit se prosterner mme en dehors de la mosque, aprs une courte pause. Il dit ailleurs que lintress peut se prosterner mme aprs une longue pause et mme sil tait sorti de la mosque et avait parl. Cest ce que prfre Cheikh al-Islam (ibn Tarmiyya) dans al-ikhtiyarat al-fiqhiyya, p. 94.

Dans Ar-rawdh al-mourbi, sharh zad al-moustaqna, 2/461, il est dit : Si le prieur oublie la prosternation de rparation effectuer avant la fin de la prire et met fin celle-ci puis se souvient, il doit se prosterner obligatoirement, sil ne sest pas coul beaucoup de temps. Sil sest coul beaucoup de temps ou que ses ablutions soient rompues ou quil soit sorti de la mosque, il na plus se prosterner, et sa prire reste valide.

Dans Ash-Sharh al-moumti, 3/537, Cheikh Muhammad Ibn Salih al-Outhaymine commente les propos : Si le prieur oublie la prosternation de rparation effectuer avant la fin de la prire et met fin celle-ci, puis se souvient, il doit se prosterner obligatoirement, sil ne sest pas coul beaucoup de temps . Il sagit de la prosternation davant la fin de prire. Si on loublie, on la fait aprs, pourvu quil ne soit coul que peu de temps. Dans le cas contraire, la prosternation ne simpose plus, et la prire reste valide. Voici un exemple : Un homme oublie le premier tashahhou et doit effectuer une prosternation de rparation avant la conclusion de la prire. Mais il a oubli et a conclu sa prire. Sil sen souvient peu de temps aprs, il se prosterne. Sil sen souvient longtemps aprs, la prosternation ne simpose plus. Cest pourquoi le texte cit dit : Il se prosterne sil ne sest coul que peu de temps. Sil est sorti de la mosque, il ny revient pas parce quil en est dispens. En revanche, sil conclut la prire prmaturment, il doit retourner pour la terminer. Car dans ce cas, cest une pratique fondamentale quil aurait omise et il doit la faire. Dans lautre cas, il sagit de lomission dun devoir dispensable en cas doubli.

Cheikh al-islam Ibn Taymiyya dit : Mieux, il doit se prosterner, quel que soit le temps coul, car il sagit de combler une lacune relle et cela doit se faire ds quon sen souvient.

Mais le plus proche de la vrit cest lavis soutenu par lauteur (Puisse Allah lui accorder Sa misricorde) savoir quil sest coul longtemps, la prosternation ne simpose plus. Car cette prosternation est soit un devoir complmentaire la prire soit un devoir constitutif de la prire, mais elle ne constitue pas une prire part. Cest pourquoi nous ne pouvons pas lui appliquer les propos du Prophte (bndiction et salut soient sur lui ) : Celui qui dort lheure dune prire ou loublie doit leffectuer quand il sen souvient. (Rapport par Boukhari (597) et Mouslim (684) daprs un hadith dAnas. Cest donc un acte complmentaire de la prire quil suit ; si lon sen souvient peu aprs, on le fait, autrement, il ne simpose plus. Allah le sait mieux.

Source: Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
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