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  #1  
02-27-2022, 10:13 PM
 
: May 2017
: 4,135
Post Celebrating the night of the Isra and Miraaj La clbration de la nuit du Voyage nocturne et de lAscension


Celebrating the night of the Isra and Miraaj
La clbration de la nuit du Voyage nocturne et de lAscension




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  #2  
02-27-2022, 10:17 PM
 
: May 2017
: 4,135
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Celebrating the night of the Isra and Miraaj



Question

What is the ruling on Celebrating the night of the Isra and Miraaj, which is the twenty-seventh night of Rajab?.
Answer

Praise be to Allah.

There is no doubt that the Isra and Miraaj (the Prophets Night Journey and Ascent into heaven) are two great signs of Allaah which point to the truthfulness of the His Messenger Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and the greatness of his status before Allaah. They are also signs of the great power of Allaah, and of His exalted position above His creation. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allaah) [above all that (evil) they associate with Him]

Who took His slave (Muhammad) for a journey by night from Al‑Masjid Al‑Haraam (at Makkah) to Al‑Masjid Al‑Aqsa (in Jerusalem), the neighbourhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him (Muhammad) of Our Ayaat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.). Verily, He is the All‑Hearer, the All‑Seer

[al-Isra 17:1]

There are mutawaatir reports from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that he was taken up into the heavens, and their gates were opened for him, until he passed beyond the seventh heaven, where his Lord spoke to him as He willed, and enjoined the five daily prayers upon him. At first Allaah, may He be exalted, enjoined fifty prayers, but our Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) kept going back and asking Him to reduce it, until He made them five, so they are five obligatory prayers but fifty in reward, because each good deed is rewarded tenfold. To Allaah be praise and thanks for all His blessings.

With regard to this night on which the Isra and Miraaj took place, there is nothing in the saheeh ahaadeeth to indicate that it is in Rajab or in any other month. Everything that has been narrated concerning a specific date for these events cannot be proven to have come from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) according to the scholars of hadeeth. Allaah has wise reasons for causing the people to forget it. Even if the date were proven, it would not be permissible for the Muslims to single it out for particular acts of worship, and it is not permissible for them to celebrate it, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and his companions (may Allaah be pleased with them) did not celebrate it and they did not single it out in any way. If celebrating it was something that is prescribed in Islam, the Messenger would have told his ummah about that, either in word or in deed. If any such thing had happened, it would have been well known, and his companions would have transmitted the information to us. They narrated from their Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) everything that his ummah needs to know, and they did not neglect any aspect of the religion, rather they were the first ones to do anything good. If celebrating this night had been prescribed in Islam, they would have been the first people to do so. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was the most sincere of people, and he conveyed the message to the people in full, and he fulfilled the trust. If venerating and celebrating this night were part of the religion of Allaah, then the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would have done that and would not have concealed it. Since no such thing happened, it is known that celebrating it and venerating it is not part of Islam at all. Allaah has perfected this ummahs religion for it and has completed His favour upon them, and He condemns those who introduce things into the religion which Allaah has not ordained. Allaah says in His holy Book, in Soorat al-Maaidah (interpretation of the meaning):

This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion

[al-Maaidah 5:3]

And Allaah says in Soorat al-Shoora (interpretation of the meaning):

Or have they partners with Allaah (false gods) who have instituted for them a religion which Allaah has not ordained?

[al-Shoora 42:21]

In the saheeh ahaadeeth it is proven that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) warned against bidah (innovation) and stated clearly that it is misguidance, so as to show the ummah how serious the matter is and put them off it.

For example, it is narrated in al-Saheehayn from Aaishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Whoever introduces anything into this matter of ours that is not part of it will have it rejected. In a report narrated by Muslim it says: Whoever does any action that is not part of this matter of ours will have it rejected.

In Saheeh Muslim it is narrated that Jaabir (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to say in his khutbah on Friday: The best of speech is the Book of Allaah and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). The worst of matters are those which are newly-invented, and every innovation is a going astray. Al-Nasaai added with a jayyid isnaad: and every going astray will be in the Fire.

In al-Sunan it is narrated that al-Irbaad ibn Saariyah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) delivered an eloquent speech to us which melted our hearts and caused our eyes to flow with tears. We said: O Messenger of Allaah, it is as if it is a farewell address, so advise us. He said: I advise you to fear Allaah, and to listen and obey, even if a slave is appointed over you. Whoever among you lives will see many differences, so I urge you to adhere to my Sunnah and the way of the rightly-guided caliphs who will come after me, and cling firmly to it. Beware of newly-invented matters, for every newly-invented matter is an innovation and every innovation is a going astray. And there are many ahaadeeth with a similar meaning.

Warnings against bidah (innovation) have been narrated from the companions of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and from the righteous salaf after them, because this is no more than adding things to the religion and instituting a religion that Allaah has not ordained, and it is an imitation of the enemies of Allaah, the Jews and the Christians, in their additions to their religions and introducing into them things that Allaah had not ordained. It also implies that there is something lacking in Islam, and that it is not complete, and it is well known that this leads to great mischief and evil, and goes against the verse in which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion

[al-Maaidah 5:3]

It also goes against the ahaadeeth of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) which warn against innovation (bidah).

I hope that the evidence we have quoted will be sufficient to convince the seeker of truth that this bidah is wrong, i.e., the innovation of celebrating the night of the Isra and Miraaj, and that it is not part of the religion of Islam at all.

Because Allaah has enjoined being sincere towards the Muslims and explaining what Allaah has prescribed for them in their religion, and because it is haraam to conceal knowledge, I thought that I should point out this innovation, which is so widespread in many regions that people think it is part of the religion, to my Muslim brothers. Allaah is the One Whom we ask to set the affairs of all the Muslims straight, and to bless them with knowledge of Islam, and to help us and them to adhere steadfastly to the truth, and to forsake everything that goes against it, for He is able to do that. May Allaah send blessings and peace upon His slave and Messenger, our Prophet Muhammad, and his family and companions.

Source:
Shaykh Abd al-Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him
  #3  
02-27-2022, 10:20 PM
 
: May 2017
: 4,135
Arrow

La clbration de la nuit du Voyage nocturne et de lAscension


Question

Comment juger la clbration de la nuit du Voyage nocturne et de lAscension correspondant la 27e nuit de Radjab?

Texte de la rponse

Louange Allah.

Le Voyage nocturne et lAscension font partie des immenses signes dAllah qui attestent la vracit de Son Messager, Muhammad (Bndiction et salut soient sur lui) et limportance du rang quil occupe auprs dAllah le Puissant et Majestueux. Lvnement fait encore partie des indices de l'blouissante puissance divine et de la transcendance dAllah par rapport toute Sa crature. Allah, le Transcendant et Trs-haut a dit: Gloire et Puret Celui qui de nuit, fit voyager Son serviteur [Muḥammad], de la Mosque Al-Ḥarām la Mosque Al-Aqṣādont Nous avons bni lalentour, afin de lui faire voir certaines de Nos merveilles. Cest Lui, vraiment, qui est lAudient, le Clairvoyant (Coran,17:1)

Il a t rapport de manire concordante que le Messager dAllah (Bndiction et salut soient sur lui) fut lev aux cieux et que leurs portes lui furent successivement ouvertes jusqu ce quil dpasst le 7e ciel et que Son Matre Transcendant lui adressa les propos quil voulut lui communiquer.

Allah le Transcendant lui prescrit 50 prires au dbut. Et puis, notre Prophte , Muhammad, ne cessa des retourner auprs de Lui, histoire de solliciter un allgement jusqu' obtenir la rduction du nombre des prires 5. Depuis, les prires sont maintenues 5 multiplies par 10 la rcompense car un bon acte en vaut dix. Allah soit lou et remerci pour tous Ses bienfaits.

La nuit au cours de laquelle le Voyage nocturne et lAscension eurent lieu nest pas situe par des hadiths authentiques ni en Radjab ni en dehors de ce mois. Tout ce qui a t reu sur sa prcision nestpas attribuable de manire vrifie au Prophte (Bndiction et salut soient sur lui) selon les spcialistes du hadith. Cest srement par Sa sagesse quAllah la fait oublier aux gens.A supposer que la nuit soit dsigne spcifiquement, il ne serait pas permis aux musulmans de lui rserver un acte cultuel quelconque ni de la clbrer. Car le Prophte (Bndiction et salut soient sur lui) et ses compagnons ne lont pas clbre et ne lui ont consacr aucune activit.

Si sa clbrationtait institue par la religion, le Messager (Bndictin et salut soient sur lui) laurait expliqu la Communaut musulmane soit par lacte, soit par la parole. Si cela avait eu lieu, on laurait largement connu car les compagnons (P.A.a) lauraient rapport. En effet, ces derniers ont rapport de leur Prophte (Bndiction et salut soient sur lui) tout ce dont la Communaut a besoin. Ils nont commis aucune ngligence en matire de religion.Bien plus, ils furent les prcurseurs en tout bien.Si la clbration de cette nuit tait institue, ils auraient t les premiers le faire.

Le Prophte (Bndiction et salut soient sur lui) taient le plus bienveillant lgard des humains. Il a parfaitement transmis son message et sest bien acquitt de sa responsabilit.

Si la glorification et la clbration de cette nuit faisait partie de la religion dAllah, le Prophte (Bndiction et salut soient sur lui) ne laurait ni nglig ni omis. Du moment que rien de tout cela na eu lieu, on comprend que sa glorification et sa clbration nont aucun rapport avec lislam.

Allah a parfait la religion pour la Communaut et a comble celle-ci de Ses bienfaits. Il a rcus lacte de celui qui veut intgrer dans la lgislation religieuse un lment non autoris par Allah. Cest dans ce sens que le Transcendant et Trs-haut dit Son livre claires notamment dans la sourate du Plateau: Aujourdhui, Jai parachev pour vous votre religion, et accompli sur vous Mon bienfait. Et Jagre lIslam comme religion pour vous. Si quelquun est contraint par la faim, sans inclination vers le pch... alors, Allah est Pardonneur et Misricordieux. (Coran,5: 3). Le Puissant et Majestueux dit dans la sourate de la Concertation: Ont-ils des associs qui leur auraient dot dune lgislation non agre par Allah? (Coran,42: 21 )

On a rapport du Messager dAllah (Bndiction et salut soient sur lui) dans des hadiths authentiques une mise en garde contre les innovations et une dclaration de leur caractre aberrant , lance pour attirer lattention de la Communaut sur leur gravit et pour viter ses membres de les commettre.

Fait partie des hadiths en question le hadith rapport dans les Deux Salih daprs Aicha (P.A.a) selon laquelle le Prophte (Bndiction et salut soient sur lui) a dit: Quiconque innove dans notre ordre verra son innovation rejete. La version de Mouslim dit: quiconque accomplit une oeuvre contraire notre ordre la verra rejete. On toujours dans le Salih de Mouslim ce hadith de Djaber selon lequel : Le Messager dAllah (Bndiction et salut soient sur lui) disait dans son sermon du vendredi: Adonques, le meilleur discours rside dans le livre dAllah et le meilleur enseignement reste celui de Muhammad (Bndiction et salut soient sur lui) et les innovations demeurent les pires des choses et toute innovation est une aberration. An-Nassai ajoute grce une bonne chane de rapporteurs: Toute aberration conduit en enfer.

On trouve dans les Sunan un hadith dIrbaadh ibn Saria (P.A.a) dans lequel il dit: Le Messager dAllah (Bndiction et salut soient sur lui) nous adressa un sermon si mouvant que nos coeurs furent attendris et nos yeux remplis de larmesNous lui dmes: messager dAllah, on dirait que cest un sermon dadieuxFais-nous alors une recommandation. Je vous recommande la crainte dAllah et lcoute et lobissance, mme si vous aviez un esclave comme chef. Celui dentre vous qui vivra long temps verra beaucoup de divergences. Restez accrochs ma Sunna et celle des califes bien guids venus aprs moi. Cramponnez vous y et vitez les choses innoves (en religion) car toute chose innove est une innovation et toute innovation est une aberration.

Les hadiths qui vont dans ce sens sont abondants. Il a t rapport de faon sure daprs les compagnons du Messager dAllah (Bndiction et salut soient sur lui) et des anctres pieux venus aprs eux des avertissements solennels contre les innovations. Cest parce que celles-ci viennent sajouter la religion. Ce qui revient lgifrer sans se rfrer Allah, donc sassimiler aux Juifs et aux Chrtiens qui apportent des ajouts leurs religions et y introduisent des pratiques non autorises par Allah.

Lacceptation des innovations implique la reconnaissance de limperfection de la religion musulmane et son accusation dtre imparfaite. Or, il est connu quune telle attitude entrane un des dgts immenses et des consquences dsastreuses , et , de surcroit, elle se heurte la parole dAllah le Puissant et Majestueux : Aujourdhui, Jai parachev votre religion pour vous. et contredit nettement les hadiths du Messager dAllah (Bndiction et salut soient sur lui) qui nous mettent en garde contre les innovations et nous les rendent rpugnantes.

Jespre que les arguments que nous avons cits suffisent et convainquent celui qui cherche la vrit qui sou tend la contestation de cette innovation. Jentend parler de celle qui consiste clbrer la nuit du Voyage nocturne et de lAscension. On en a avertis et lon a expliqu quelle na aucun rapport avec lislam.

PuisquAllah nous a fait obligation de donner des conseils aux musulmans et de leur expliquer ce quAllah a tabli en matire de religion et nous a interdit la dissimulation du savoir, jai pens quil fallait avertir mes frres musulmans contre cette innovation si rpandue dans les villes que certains la prennent pour une partie intgrante de la religion.

Cest seul Allah que lon demande damliorer les conditions de vie de tous les musulmans, de les assister bien comprendre la religion et saccrocher irrversiblement la vrit et se dmarquer de tout ce qui lui est contraire. En effet , Il le seul entre capable.

Puisse Allah bnir et saluer Son esclave et Messager , notre Prophte Muhammad , sa famille et ses compagnons.


Source: Son minence cheikh Abdoul Aziz ibn Baz :Puisse Allah lui accorder Sa misricorde
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