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  #1  
04-09-2018, 01:35 AM
 
: May 2017
: 4,135
Post Suggested program for the Muslim during Ramadaan-Un agenda propos au musulman pour le mois de Ramadan



Suggested program for the Muslim during Ramadaan

Un agenda propos au musulman pour le mois de Ramadan


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  #2  
04-09-2018, 01:37 AM
 
: May 2017
: 4,135
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Suggested program for the Muslim during Ramadaan


Praise be to Allaah. May Allaah accept all our righteous words and deeds, and help us to be sincere in secret and in public.
There follows a suggested program for the Muslim during this blessed month:
The Muslims day in Ramadaan:
The Muslim starts his day with suhoor before Fajr prayer. It is better to delay suhoor until the latest possible time of the night.
Then after that the Muslim gets ready for Fajr prayer before the adhaan. So he does wudoo at home and goes out to the mosque before the adhaan.
When he enters the mosque, he prays two rakahs (tahiyyat al-masjid greeting the mosque). Then he sits and keeps busy making duaa, or reading Quraan, or reciting dhikr, until the muezzin gives the call to prayer. He repeats what the muezzin says, and says the duaa narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to be said after the adhaan ends. Then after that he prays two rakahs (the regular Sunnah of Fajr), then he occupies himself with duaa and reading Quraan until the iqaamah for prayer is given. He is in a state of prayer so long as he is waiting for the prayer.
After offering the prayer in congregation, he recites the dhikrs that are prescribed following the salaam at the end of the prayer. After that if he wants to sit in the mosque until the sun has risen, reciting dhikr and reading Quraan, that is preferable, and that is what the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to do after Fajr prayer.
Then about one-quarter of an hour after the sun has risen, if he wants he can pray Duha prayer (a minimum of two rakahs), and that is good. Or if he wants he can delay it until the preferred time, which is when the day has grown hotter and the sun is higher in the sky that is better.
Then if he wants he may sleep to prepare himself for going to work, and he can intend by sleeping to strengthen himself for worship and earning a living, so that he will be rewarded for it in sha Allah. He should also follow the etiquette of sleep that is prescribed in shareeah, both actions and words.
Then he goes to work, and when the time for Zuhr prayer comes, he goes to the mosque early, before the adhaan or immediately after it, and he should get ready to pray beforehand. So he prays four rakahs with two tasleems (the regular Sunnah before Zuhr), then he keeps busy reading Quraan until the iqaamah for prayer is given, and he prays with the congregation, then he prays two rakahs (the regular Sunnah after Zuhr).
Then after the prayer he goes and finishes whatever of his work is left, until it is time to leave work. If there is a long time to go after finishing his work until the time for Asr prayer, then he can rest. But if there is not enough time and he fears that if he sleeps he will miss Asr prayer, then he should keep busy doing something suitable until the time for Asr comes, such as going to the market to buy some things that his family needs and the like, or going straight to the mosque when he has finished his work, and staying in the mosque until he has prayed Asr.
Then after As, it depends on his circumstances. If he can stay in the mosque and keep busy reading Quraan, this is a great opportunity. But if he feels tired, then he should rest at this time so that he will be ready to pray taraaweeh at night.
Before the adhaan for Maghrib, he should get ready to break his fast, and he should do something at this time that will benefit him, whether reading Quraan, making duaa, or having a useful conversation with his wife and children.
One of the best things that he can do at this time is to take part in offering iftaar to those who are fasting, whether by bringing food to them or helping to distribute it to them and organizing that. This brings a great joy which no one knows except those who have experienced it.
After iftaar, he goes and prays in congregation in the mosque, and after the prayer he prays two rak'ahs (the regular Sunnah of Maghrib). Then he goes back home and eats whatever is available without eating too much. Then he looks for a suitable way for himself and his family to spend this time, whether reading a book of stories, or a book on practical rulings, or a quiz, or permissible conversation, or any other useful idea that is of interest to the members of the family and will distracts them from the haraam things that appear in the media which regard this as their prime time, so you find the media transmitting their most attractive programs at that time, that may contain immoral and obscene material. Strive to turn away from that, and fear Allaah with regard to your flock (i.e., your family) concerning whom you will be questioned on the Day of Resurrection, so be prepared to answer the questions.
Then get ready for Isha prayer, go to the mosque and keep busy reading Quraan or listening to the lesson being given in the mosque.
Then after that perform Isha prayer, then pray two rakahs (the regular Sunnah of Isha), then pray taraaweeh behind the imam with humility and focus, pondering the meanings of what is recited. Do not finish until the imam finishes. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Whoever stands (and prays) with the imam until he finishes, it will be recorded as if he spent the night in prayer. Narrated by Abu Dawood, 1370, and others. Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Salaat al-Taraaweeh, p. 15.
Then after Taraaweeh you can make a program for yourself that is suited to your circumstances and personal commitments. But you should pay attention to the following:
Keeping away from all haraam things and whatever may lead to them.
Paying attention to ensuring that your family avoid falling into any haraam thing or whatever may lead to that, in a wise manner, such as preparing a program just for them, or taking them out for leisure trips to permissible places, or keeping them away from bad friends, or looking for good friends for them.
Keeping busy with things that take priority.
Then you should try to sleep early, whilst paying attention to the etiquette of sleep as prescribed in shareeah, both actions and words. If you read some Quraan or some beneficial books before going to sleep, that is something good, especially if you have not yet completed your daily portion of Quraan so do not go to sleep until you have completed it.
Then wake up before suhoor, allowing enough time to recite duaa, because this time the last third of the night is the time when Allaah descends, and Allaah has praised those who seek His forgiveness at this time, and has promised those who call upon Him at this time that He will answer them, and that He will accept the repentance of those who repent to Him at this time. So do not neglect this great opportunity.
Friday:
Friday is the best day of the week, so you should have a special program of worship on this day, in which you pay attention to the following:
Coming early to Jumuah prayer.
Staying in the mosque after Asr prayer, and keeping busy with reading Quraan and making duaa until the last hour of this day, for that is a time when duaas are answered.
Make this day an opportunity for completing some of your deeds that you did not finish during the week, such as completing your weekly portion of Quraan, or finishing reading a book or listening to a tape and other good deeds.
The last ten days of Ramadaan:
The last ten days of Ramadaan include Laylat al-Qadr which is better than a thousand months. Hence it is prescribed for a person to observe itikaaf (retreat for the purpose of worship) in the mosque during these ten days, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to do, seeking Laylat al-Qadr. Whoever can observe itikaaf at this time, this is a great blessing from Allaah.
Whoever cannot observe itikaaf for the entire period should do as much as he is able to.
If he is not able to do itikaaf at all, then he should try to spend the nights in worship. Praying qiyaam, reading Quraan, remembering Allaah and making duaa. He should prepare for that by resting during the day so that he will be able to stay up at night.
Note:
This program is just a suggestion. It is a flexible schedule that each person can adapt to his own circumstances.
This program pays attention to the Sunnahs that are proven from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). It does not mean that everything mentioned here is an obligatory duty, rather it includes many things that are Sunnah and mustahabb.
The most beloved of actions to Allaah are those which are continuous even if they are little. At the beginning of the month a person may be keen to do acts of worship, then he may slow down. Beware of that, and strive to persist in all the actions that you do in this blessed month.
The Muslim should strive to organize his time in this blessed month so that he will not miss out on a great opportunity to do more good and righteous deeds. For example, a person should try to buy all the things that the family needs before the month begins, and he should buy day-to-day needs at times when the stores are not crowded, and visits to friends and family should be organized in such a way that they do not distract from acts of worship.
Make doing lots of acts of worship and drawing closer to Allaah your priority in this blessed month.
Resolve at the beginning of the month to go to the mosque early at the times of prayer, and to complete the Book of Allaah, and to regularly pray qiyaam al-layl in this great month, and to spend (in charity) what you can of your wealth.
Make the most of the opportunity that the month of Ramadaan brings to strengthen your connection to the Book of Allaah, by utilizing the following means:
Read the verses correctly. The way to do that is to have your reading corrected by someone who knows how to read well. If you cannot do that, then by listening to tapes of expert readers.
Revise what Allaah has enabled you to memorize, and memorize some more.
Read the tafseer (commentary) on the verses, either by looking up the verses you do not understand in reliable books of tafseer such as Tafseer al-Baghawi and Tafseer Ibn Katheer and Tafseer al-Sadi, or by making a program to read a book of tafseer. Start first with the thirtieth Juz (section) of the Quraan, then mover on to the twenty-ninth juz, and so on.
Strive to apply the commands that you read in the Book of Allaah.
We ask Allaah to perfect for us the blessing of Ramadaan, and to help us fast and pray qiyaam throughout the whole month, and to accept (these acts of worship) from us, and to forgive us for our shortcomings.

Islam Q&A*

  #3  
04-09-2018, 01:38 AM
 
: May 2017
: 4,135
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Un agenda propos au musulman pour le mois de Ramadan


Louanges Allah
Puisse Allah agrer les bonnes uvres et paroles de tous. Puisse-t-Il nous inspirer la sincrit dans nos comportements apparents et cachs. Voici un agenda proposer au musulman pour passer ce mois sacr :
- la journe du musulman pendant le Ramadan. Le musulman dbute sa journe par la prise du repas de laube avant la prire prvue cette heure. Il est prfrable quil retarde ledit repas jusqu la limite du temps qui lui est consacr. Ensuite, il se prpare laccomplissement de la prire avant mme que lappel celle-ci soit lanc. Pour ce faire, il fait ses ablutions chez lui et part pour la mosque avant le lancement de lappel la prire.
Arriv la mosque, il effectue deux raka en guise de salutations la mosque. Aprs quoi il sassoit, se met invoquer (Allah) ou lire le Coran ou faire du dhikr jusqu ce que le muezzin lance son appel Puis il dit ce que le Prophte (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) disait la suite de la fin de lappel. Ensuite il effectue deux raka (celles introduisant le fadjr). Et puis il reprend dhikr, invocations et lecture du Coran jusqu la clbration de la prire, tant entendu quil est cens tre en prire aussi longtemps quil attend la prire.
Aprs laccomplissement de la prire collective, il se livre aux invocations rciter aprs la prire. Cela fait, il peut attendre dans la mosque le lever du soleil tout en soccupant de prfrence de dhikr et de la lecture du Coran, comme le faisait le Prophte (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) aprs la prire de laube.
Un quart dheures aprs le lever du soleil, il peut procder la prire de laurore consistant au minimum deux raka. Il peut aussi retarder cette prire lheure prfrable ; quand le soleil sest lev et a commenc dgager une chaleur intense. Cest mieux.
Et puis sil prfre dormir un peu de temps avant de se prparer aller au travail, quil le fasse avec lintention de recouvrer ses forces pour mieux se livrer la dvotion et lacquisition de la substance de manire tre rcompens, sil plat Allah le Trs Haut. Quil veille lapplication des rgles religieuses rgissant le sommeil.
Ensuite, quil aille au travail. Quand arrive lheure de la prire du zuhr, quil se rende trs tt la mosque. Quil soit prt pour la prire avant dy aller. Une fois sur place, quil effectue quatre raka constituant deux prires spares (les deux petites prires surrogatoires prvues avant le zuhr). Et puis quil soccupe de la lecture du Coran jusquau dbut de la prire. Elle effectue celle-ci avec les autres. Puis il fait une petite prire de deux raka (celle qui suit normalement le zuhr).
Une fois le zuhr achev, il retourne son travail et le poursuit jusqu la fin de sa journe. Sil quitte son lieu de travail bien avant lheure de la prire dasr et sil a le temps de se reposer, quil le fasse. Sil ne reste pas assez de temps et sil craint de rater la prire dasr, quil se trouve une occupation approprie en attendant lheure de la prire dasr ; il peut, par exemple, aller au march, histoire de faire des achats pour sa famille etc. ou se rendre directement la mosque ds la fin de son travail et rester sur place jusqu la prire dasr.
Une fois la prire dasr accomplie, on peut soit rester dans la mosque et se livrer la lecture du Coran, ce qui constitue une norme source de profits (spirituels), soit aller se reposer pour mieux se prparer aux prires nocturnes surrogatoires ( si on se rend fatigus).
On se prpare avant le lancement de lappel la prire du maghrib la rupture du jene. Que lon soccupe pendant ces instants de quelque chose dutile comme la lecture du Coran, linvocation, une conversation intressante avec les membres de la famille...
Une des meilleures manires de passer ce temps consiste dans la distribution de nourritures aux jeneurs. Ce geste procure un plaisir qui ne peut tre justement apprci que par celui qui en a fait lexprience.
Aprs la journe du jene on se rend la mosque pour participer la prire collective. Une fois celle-ci acheve, on effectue deux raka (celles qui suivent habituellement le maghrib). Aprs quoi on retourne la maison et mange modrment. Ensuite, on cherche passer le temps de manire utile soi-mme et toute la famille. Pour ce faire, on peut procder la lecture de rcits ou ltude de dispositions religieuses ou un concours ou une conversation approprie ou nimporte quelle autre activit pouvant capter lme et la dtourner des lments prohibs diffuss par les mdias. Car lheure de la rupture du jene est le temps privilgi pour la diffusion de tels lments. Cest en effet, ce temps qui est choisi pour diffuser les programmes qui captent le plus lattention des spectateurs, mme sils vhiculent un contenu moral et doctrinal inacceptable.
Ôfrre, efforce-toi ten dtourner. Crains Allah dans la gestion des affaires des gens placs sous ta tutelle puisque tu seras responsables deux au jour de la Rsurrection. Prpare-toi aux questions qui seront poses ce moment-l.
Et puis prpare-toi pour la prire disha et rends toi la mosque. Occupe-toi de la lecture du Coran ou coute les leons dispenses dans la mosque.
Effectue la prire disha son heure. Puis procde aux deux raka (habituelles). Ensuite, participe avec limam aux prires nocturnes surrogatoires avec rvrence et mditation. Ne quitte pas les lieux avant limam. Car le Prophte (bndiction et salut soient sur lui) a bien dit : Certes, celui qui reste avec limam jusqu ce quil quitte les lieux, aura la rcompense dune nuit entire de prires (rapport par Abou Dawoud (1370) et dautres et dclar authentique par al-Albani dans Salat at-Tarawih, p. 15).
Etablis pour le temps qui vous reste aprs les prires de tarawih un plan dactivits appropri tout en veillant ce qui suit :
- sloigner des interdits et de ce qui y conduit ;
- viter aux membres de ta famille de tomber dans un interdit ou dans ce qui y entrane . Fais cela de manire sage en leur laborant un programme spcial ou en les accompagnant dans une promenade en des lieux autoriss, ou en leur vitant de frquenter de mauvais compagnons et en leur trouvant de bons compagnons ;
- privilgier les meilleures activits ;
- veiller dormir tt tout en respectant les rgles et recommandations religieuses prvues en la circonstance. Si tu peux lire une partie du Coran ou un livre utile avant de dormir, cest bien. Cest surtout le cas si tu nas pas termin la lecture de ta portion quotidienne du Coran ; car il ne faut pas quitter les lieux avant de la terminer.
- Rveille-toi bien avant la prise du repas de laube afin de te livrer des invocations. Car ce temps, le dernier tiers de la nuit, est le cadre de la descente divine. Et Allah le Puissant et Majestueux a rendu hommage ceux qui se livrent cette heure la demande de pardon. Il a aussi promis ceux qui Linvoquent et ceux qui se repentent cette heure de leur rpondre. Ne laisse pas cette opportunit tchapper.
Le vendredi
Le vendredi est le meilleur jour de la semaine. Cest pourquoi il mrite un programme spcial de dvotion qui tient compte de ce qui suit :
- se rendre trs tt la mosque pour la prire ;
- rester dans la mosque jusqu la prire dasr tout en soccupant de la lecture du Coran et de linvocation jusqu la dernire heure du jour pendant laquelle lexaucement est particulirement espr.
- Fais de ce jour loccasion de parachever les activits que tu avais commences au cours de la semaine telles que la portion hebdomadaire du Coran, lachvement de la lecture dun livre, lcoute dune cassette ou dautres bonnes activits.
Les dix dernires nuits
Les dix dernires nuits abritent la nuit du Destin qui est meilleure que mille mois. Il est recommand au fidle de les passer la mosque linstar du Prophte (bndiction et salut soient sur lui). Si on peut observer cette retraite pieuse (itikaf) cest une immense source de grce divine.
Si on ne peut pas observer la retraite pour la totalit des dix jours, que lon fasse ce qui est possible. Que celui qui ne peut pas du tout observer cette retraite veille animer la nuit par la dvotion et les actes cultuels comme la prire, la lecture du Coran et linvocation ; quil sy prpare dans la journe en se reposant de manire pouvoir veiller la nuit.
Remarques
Le programme que voil constitue une proposition souple que chacun peut adapter sa convenance. On y a tenu compte de la ncessit de perptuer les pratiques relevant de la Sunna srement rapporte du Prophte (bndiction et salut soient sur lui). Mais cela ne signifie pas que toutes les recommandations qui y figurent constituent des devoirs ou obligations. Car bon nombre dentre elles sont simplement dsirables.
Les meilleurs actes auprs dAllah sont les plus durables, quelle que soit leur quantit. On peut se livrer aux activits cultuelles avec acharnement au dbut du mois. Puis on sent une certaine tideur Mfie toi de cela Veille au maintien des actes que tu accomplis durant ce mois sacr.
Le musulman doit veiller lorganisation de lusage de son temps pendant ce mois sacr afin de ne pas rater de grandes occasions de faire davantage de bien. Par exemple, on peut veiller acheter les choses dont la famille a besoin avant le dbut du mois. Il en est de mme des affaires quotidiennes quil convient dacheter aux heures pendant lesquelles les marchs ne connaissent aucune bousculade. Un autre exemple : les visites personnelles et familiales. Il faut les organiser de manire quelles ne nous dtournent pas des pratiques cultuelles.
Fais de la multiplication des activits susceptibles de vous rapprocher dAllah votre occupation primordiale au cours de ce mois bni.
Prends ds le dbut du mois la rsolution de vous rendre trs tt la mosque, aux heures de prires, de lire entirement le livre dAllah le Puissant et Majestueux,dobserver assidment les prires nocturnes pendant cet important mois et de dpenser de tes biens dans la mesure du possible.
Profite du mois de Ramadan pour consolider tes liens avec le livre dAllah le Puissant et Majestueux. Ce qui peut se faire travers les moyens que voici :
- rciter correctement les verset. Pour ce faire, il faut se faire contrler par un matre en la matire. A dfaut, on peut utiliser une cassette enregistre par un lecteur confirm.
- Rviser les parties dont Allah nous a facilit la mmorisation et essayer dapprendre davantage par cur
- Lire les commentaires des versets soit en ciblant les versets que lon a du mal comprendre, laide de commentaires agrs comme celui dal-Baghawi, en laborant un programme de lecture appliqu un des commentaires du Coran. Dans ce cas, on peut commencer par la partie dbutant par amma puis on passe celle qui la suit, etc.
- Veiller lexcution des ordres que tu trouves dans le livre dAllah le Puissant et Majestueux.
Nous demandons Allah le Puissant et Majestueux de parachever pour nous les bienfaits lis au jene du Ramadan et aux prires nocturnes qui y sont faites, dagrer tout cela de nous et de nous pardonner notre ngligence.
Islam Q&A*

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